History

Bracero History-Selected Bibliography

Calavita, Kitty. Inside the State: The Bracero Program, Immigration, and the I.N.S.. Routledge, New York, 1992

Cardenas, Gilberto. “US Immigration Policy Towards Mexico: An Historical Perspective,” Chicano Law Review, 2 (Summer 1875); 66-91

Craig, Richard B. The Bracero Program: Interest Groups and Foreign Policy. Austin: U. of Texas Pr., 1971. (Reviews: American Historical Review 80 (Apr 75) 479-481) HD1525 .C7

Galarza, Ernesto. Strangers in our Fields. Joint United States-Mexico Trade Union Committee, Washington, D.C., 1956.

Galarza, Ernesto. Merchants of Labor: The Mexican Bracero Story : An Account of the Managed Migration of Mexican farm workers in California 1942-1960. San Jose: Rosicrucian Press, 1964.

Driscoll, Barbara. The Tracks North: The Railroad Bracero Program of World War II. Austin, Tex.: CMAS Books, Center for Mexican American Studies, University of Texas at Austin, 1998. HD8039.R12 U6244 1998

Gamboa, Erasmo. Mexican Labor and World War II: Braceros in the Pacific Northwest, 1942-1947. University of Texas Press, Austin, 1990

Garcia, Matt. A World of Its Own: Race, Labor, and Citrus in the making of greater Los Angeles, 1900-1970. University of North Carolina Press, 2001

García y Griego, Manuel. The importation of Mexican contract laborers to the United States, 1942-1964 : antecedents, operation, and legacy. La Jolla, Calif. : Program in United States-Mexican, University of California, San Diego, 1981.

Herrera-Sobek, María. The Bracero Experience: Elitelore versus Folklore. Los Angeles : UCLA Latin American Center Publications, University of California, 1979.

Valdes, Dennis Nodin. Al Norte: Agricultural Workers in the Great Lakes Region, 1917 – 1970. University of Texas Press, Austin 1991

Bracero Archive Full Research Bibliography-Updated 8 June 2009

Alanis Enciso, Fernando Saul. El primer programa bracero y el gobierno de Mexico, 1917-1918. San Luis Potosi: Colegio de San Luis, 1999.

Anderson, Henry P. The Bracero Program in California, with Particular Reference to Health Status, Attitudes, and Practices. Berkeley, School of Public Health, University of California, 1961.

Anderson, Henry Pope. The Bracero Program in California. New York: Arno Press, 1976.

Andreas, P. Border Games: Policing the U.S.-Mexico Divide. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2000.

Anguiano Téllez, María Eugenia. “Trabajadores agrícolas migrantes en Baja California: vinculación con la migración internacional.” Estudios Fronterizos, 9:20 (Sept-Dec 1989), 67-78.

Aster, Richard Frederick. “The Termination of the Bracero Program-its Impact on Welfare and Education in Santa Barbara County.” M.A. Thesis U of California, Santa Barbara 1965.

Bean, Frank D., and Rodolpha de la Garza, Bryan R Roberts and Sidney Weintraub (eds). At the Crossroads: Mexico and U.S. Immigration Policy. New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 1997.

Bodnar, John. The Transplanted: A History of Immigrants in Urban America. Bloomington: Indiana Univ. Press, 1985.

Bogardus Emory S. The Mexicans in the United States. Los Angeles: University of Southern California Press, 1934.

Bonaparte, Ronald. “The Rodino Bill: An Example of Prejudice Towards Mexican Immigration to the U.S.” Chicano Law Review. 2 (Summer 1975); 40-50.

Boyle, P. “Population Geography: Transnational Women on the Move. Progress in Human Geography, 26(4), 531-543, 2000.v

Brown, Peter G., and Henry Shue. The Border that Joins. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Littlefield, 1983.

Calavita, Kitty. Inside the State: The Bracero Program, Immigration, and the I.N.S. New York: Routledge, 1992.

California Legislature Assembly Legislative Reference Service. The Bracero Program and its Aftermath: an Historical Summary. Sacramento, 1965.

Campbell, Howard. Bracero Immigration and the Mexican Economy 1951-1964. Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, American University.

Cárdenas, Gilberto. “US Immigration Policy Towards Mexico: An Historical Perspective,” Chicano Law Review, 2 (Summer 1875); 66-91.

Cardoso, Lawrence. Mexican Emigration to the United States, 1897-1931: Socio Economic Patterns. Tuscon: University of Arizona Press, 1980.

Chang, Sucheng, ed. Hmong Means Free: Life in Laos and America. Temple University Press, 1994.

Chang, Sucheng. Entry Denied. Temple University Press, 1991.v

Chavez, Leo R. et al. “Migrants and Settlers: A Comparison of Undocumented Mexicans and Central Americans in the United States.” Frontera Norte, 1:1 (Jan-June 1989), 49-75.

Cohen, Deborah. "Masculine Sweat, Stoop-Labor Modernity: Gender, Race and Nation in Mid-Twentieth Century Mexico and the U.S.” Dissertation, University of Chicago 2001.

Cohen, Deborah. “Caught in the Middle: The Mexican State’s Relationship with the United States and its Own Citizen-workers, 1942-1954.” Journal of American Ethnic History 2001 20(3): 110-132.

Cornford, Daniel. Working People of California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Coronado, Richard J. "A Conceptual Model of the Harvest Labor Market, the Bracero Program, and Factors Involved in Organization among Farm Workers in California, 1946-1970." Dissertation, University of Notre Dame 1980.

Craig, Richard B. The Bracero Program: Interest Groups and Foreign Policy. Austin: University of Texas Pr., 1971. (Reviews: American Historical Review 80 (Apr 75) 479-481).

Cuamea-Velázquez, Felipe. “Immigration Policies in Historical Perspective: The Cases of France, the Former West Germany, and the United States.” Estudios Fronterizos, 34 (July-Dec 1994), 139-166.

Daniel, Cletus E. Bitter Harvest: A History of Californian Farmworkers, 1879-1994. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1981.

Daniels, Roger and Otis Graham. Debating American Immigration, 1882-Present. Boulder, CO: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc.

Decierdo, Margarita Arce. “A Mexican Migrant Family in North Carolina.” Aztlán, 20:1-2 (Spring-Fall 1991), 183-193.

Díaz Santana, Arismendi. “The Role of Haitian Braceros in Dominican Sugar Production.” Latin American Perspectives, 3:1 (Winter 1976), 120-132.

Domer, Marilyn. "The Zoot-Suit Riot: A Culmination of Social Tensions in Los Angeles," Claremont, California: M.A. Thesis, Claremont Graduate School, 1955.

Donato, Ruben. The Struggle for Equal Schools: Mexican Americans during the Civil Rights Era. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. 1997.

Driscoll, Barbara. Tracks North: The Railroad Bracero Program of World War II. Austin, TX: CMAS Books, Center for Mexican American Studies, University of Texas at Austin, 1998.

Duignan, P. and L. H. Gann, eds. The Debate in the United States Over Immigration. Stanford: Hoover Institution Press, 1998.

Durand, Jorge; Massey, Douglas S.; and Charvet, Fernando. “The Changing Geography of Mexican Immigration to the United States: 1910-1996.” Social Science Quarterly 2000 81(1): 1-15.

Espenshade, Thomas J. “Using INS Border Apprehension Data to Measure the Flow of Undocumented Migrants Crossing the U.S.-Mexico Frontier.” IMR: International Migration Review, 29:110 (Summer 1995), 545-565.

Espin, O.M. Latina realities: Essays on Healing, Migration and Sexuality. Boulder: Westview Press, 1997.

Espin, O.M. Women Crossing Boundaries: A Psychology of Immigration and Transformation of Sexuality. New York: Routledge, 1999.

Falicov, C.J. “The cultural meanings of money: The case of Latinos and Anglo-Americans.” The American Behavioral Scientist, 45(2), 313-328, 2001.

Fineberg, Richard A. “Green Card Workers in Farm Labor Disputes: A Study of Post Bracero Mexican National Farm Workers in San Joaquin Valley.” Dissertation, Claremont Graduate School, Ann Arbor MI: University Microfilms, 1975.

Fisher, Lloyd H. The Harvest Labor Market in California. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1953.

Flores, Estevan Tim. "Post-Bracero Undocumented Mexican Immigration to the United States and Political Recomposition." Dissertation, University of Texas, Austin 1982.

Foley, Neil. The White Scourge: Mexicans, Blacks and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

Fong, Timothy. The First Suburban Chinatown: The Remaking of Monterrey Park, California. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994.

Foucault, M. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Vintage Books. New York: Vintage Books, 1979.

Fox, Claire F. The Fence and the River. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 1999.

Fuller, Varden. "Hired Farm Labor in the West." In President's National Commission on Rural Poverty, Rural Poverty in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 1968.

Galarza, Ernesto. Barrio Boy: The Story of a Boy’s Acculturation. University of Notre Dame Press, 1971.

Galarza, Ernesto. Merchants of Labor: The Mexican Bracero Story: An Account of the Managed Migration of Mexican Farm Workers in California 1942-1960. San Jose: Rosicrucian Press, 1964.

Galarza, Ernesto. A Report on the Compliance with the Contractual, Legal and Civil Rights of Mexican Agricultural Contract Labor in the United States. The Fund for the Republic. January 1956.

Galarza, Ernesto. Strangers in Our Fields. Joint United States-Mexico Trade Union Committee, Washington, DC, 1956.

Gamboa, Erasmo. “Braceros in the Pacific Northwest: Laborers in the Domestic Front: 1942-1947.” Pacific Historical Review 1987 56(3): 378-398.

Gamboa, Erasmo. “Mexican Migration into Washington State: A History, 1940-1950.” Pacific Northwest Quarterly 1981 72(3): 121-131.

Gamboa, Erasmo. "Under the Thumb of Agriculture: Bracero and Mexican American Workers in the Pacific Northwest, 1940-1950." Dissertation, University of Washington 1984.

Gamboa, Erasmo. Mexican Labor and World War II: Braceros in the Pacific Northwest, 1942-1947. University of Texas Press, Austin, 1990.

Gamio, Manuel. Mexican Immigration to the United States. New York: Arno Press, 1969.

Gamio, Manuel. The Life Story of the Mexican Immigrant: Autobiographical Documents Collected by Manuel Gamio. New York: Dover, 1971.

Gamio, Manuel; Galarza, Ernesto; and Castaneda, Carlos E. “Tres estudios especializados acerca de los braceros.” Boletin del Archivo General de la Nación [Mexico] 1980 4(4): 38-52.

Garcia, Alephonso. “Beet Season in Wyoming: Mexican American Family Life on a Sugar Beet Farm Near Wheatland During World War II.” Annals of Wyoming 2001 73(2): 14-17.

Garcia, Juan Ramon. "Operation Wetback: The Mass Deportation of Mexican Undocumented Workers in 1954." Contributions in Ethnic Studies, no. 2. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1980.

Garcia, Mario T. Desert Immigrant: The Mexicans of El Paso, 1880-1920. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1982.

Garcia, Matt. A World of Its Own: Race, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater Los Angeles, 1900-1970. University of North Carolina Press, 2001.

Garcia y Griego, Manuel and Monica Verea Campos. The Importation of Mexican Contract Laborers to the United States, 1942-1964: Antecedents, Operation, and Legacy. La Jolla: Program in United States-Mexican, University of California, San Diego, 1981.

Garcia y Griego, Manuel and Monica Verea Campos. Mexico y Estados Unidos frente a la migración de los indocumentados. Mexico: Coordinacion de Humanidades: M.A. Porrua, 1988.

Garcia y Griego, Manuel. "The Bracero Policy Experiment: U.S.-Mexican Responses to Mexican Labor Migration, 1942-1955." Dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1988.

Garcilazo, J.M. “McCarthyism, Mexican American, and the Los Angeles Committee for Protection of the Foreign Born, 1950-1954.” Western Historical Quarterly, 32(3), 1-20, 2001.

Gilmore, N. Ray; Gilmore, Gladys W. “The Bracero in California.” Pacific Historical Review 1963 32(3): 265-282.

Gonzales, Juan. “Down this Dead-end Road Before”. New York Daily News. 8 January 2004

Gonzales, Juan. Harvest of Empire: A History of Latinos in America. Viking Penguin, 2000.

González de Cossío, Francisco. “Migrantes Mexicanos.” Nexos, 20:234 (June 1997), 55-61+.

Griffith, David and Edward Kissam. Working Poor: Farmworkers in the United States. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1995.

Griswold del Castillo, Richard. La Familia: Chicano Families in the Urban Southwest 1848 to Present. Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 1984.

Grove, Wayne A. “Cotton on the Federal Road to Economic Development: Technology and Labor Policies following World War II.” Agricultural History 2000 74(2): 272-292.

Grove, Wayne A. “The Mexican Farm Labor Program, 1942-1964: Government-administered Labor Market Insurance or Insurance for Farmers.” Agricultural History 1996 70(2): 302-320.

Grubbs, Donald H. “Prelude to Chavez: The National Farm Labor Union of California.” Labor History 1975 16(4): 453-469.

Gutierrez, David. “An Ethnic Consensus? Mexican American Political Activism Since the Great Depression. Reviews in American History, Vol. 19, No. 2 (Jun., 1991), 289-295.

Gutiérrez-Jones, Carl Scott. Rethinking the Borderlands: Between Chicano Culture and Legal Discourse. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Gutiérrez, David Gregory. Walls and Mirrors. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1995.

Haas, Lisbeth. The Bracero in Orange County: A Work Force for Economic Transition. La Jolla, CA: Program in United States-Mexican Studies, University of California San Diego, 1981.

Hancock, Richard H. The Role of the Bracero in the Economic and Cultural Dynamics of Mexico; a Case Study of Chihuahua by Richard H. Hancock. Stanford, CA, Hispanic American Society, 1959.

Hansen, L. O. “The Political and Socioeconomic Context of Legal and Illegal Mexican Migration to the United States (1942-1984).” International Migration [Switzerland] 1988 26(1): 95-107.

Hart, John. Border Crossing: Mexican and Mexican-American Workers. Scholarly Resources, Inc., 1998.

Hernandez Rodriguez, Rogelio. “El problema de los braceros en el periodo de 1942 a 1946”. Boletin del Archivo General de la Nacion [Mexico] 1980 4(4): 3-4p.

Herrera-Lasso, Luis. “The Impact of U.S. Immigration Policy on U.S.-Mexico Relations,” UCLA J. Int’l Law & For. Affairs, (Winter 1998), special issue.

Herrera-Sobek, Maria. Northward Bound: The Mexican Immigrant Experience in Ballad and Song. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.

Herrera-Sobek, María. The Bracero Experience: Elitelore versus Folklore. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center Publications, University of California, 1979.

Hirsch, Hans G. Termination of the Bracero Program; Foreign Economic Aspects. Washington, DC: Economic Research Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture [1967].

Hirsch, J.S. A Courtship After Marriage: Sexuality and Love in Mexican Transnational Families. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2003.

Hoffman, Abraham. Unwanted Mexican Americans: Repatriation Pressures During the Great Depression. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1973.

Hondagneu-Sotelo, P. Gendered Transitions: Mexican Experiences of Immigration. University of California Press, 1994.

Hondagneu-Sotelo, P. “Latina Immigrant Women and Paid Domestic Work: Upgrading the Occupation.” Clinical Sociology Review, 12, 257-270, 1994.

Hondagneu-Sotelo, P. “Regulating the Unregulated: Domestic Workers’ Social Networks. Social Problems, 41, 201-215, 1994.

Hondagneu-Sotelo, P. “The history of Mexican undocumented settlement in the United States.” In M. Romero, P. Hondagneu-Sotelo & V. Ortiz (Eds.), Challenging Fronteras: Structuring Latina and Latino Lives in the U.S. (pp. 114-134). New York: Routledge, 1994.

Hondagneu-Sotelo, P. “Latina Immigrant Domestic Workers: Pathways for Upgrading Clean and Caring Jobs.” Aztlán: A Journal of Chicano Studies, 26(2), 169-177, 2001.

Hondagneu-Sotelo, P. Domestica: Immigrant Workers Cleaning and Caring in the Shadows of Affluence. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2001.

Hondagneu-Sotelo, P. Gender and U.S. Immigration: Contemporary Trends. University of California Press, 2003.

Hondagneu-Sotelo, P. & Avila, E. “I’m Here but I’m There: The Meanings of Transnational Motherhood.” Gender and Society, 11(5), 548-571, 1997.

Hu DeHart, Evelyn. "Race, Civil Rights, and the New Immigrants: Nativism and the New World Order," in Samuel L. Myers., Jr., ed., Civil Rights and Race Relations in the Post Reagan-Bush Era. NY: Praeger, 1997.

Hurt, R. Douglas. “Tomato Harvesters: From West to East.” Journal of the West 1991 30(2): 88-98.

Johnston, P. “Transnational Citizenries: Reflections from the Field in California.” Citizenship Studies, 7(2), 199-217, 2003.

Jones, Lamar B. "Labor and Management in California Agriculture, 1864-1964." Labor History, 11, 1 (Winter 1970).

Jones, Lamar B. “Farm Labor: Shortage or Surplus?” Southwestern Social Science Quarterly 1967 47(4): 401-412.

Jones, Lamar B. and Rice, G. Randolph. “Agricultural Labor in the Southwest: the Post Bracero Years.” Social Science Quarterly 1980 61(1): 86-94.

Jones, Richard C. and William Breen Murray. “Occupational and Spatial Mobility of Temporary Mexican Migrants to the U.S.: A Comparative Analysis.” IMR: International Migration Review, 20:4 (Winter 1986), 973-985.

Jungmeyer, Roger L. "The Bracero Program, 1942-1951: Mexican Contract Labor in the United States." Dissertation, University of Missouri, Columbia 1988.

Kennedy, Laura Cummings. Don Zeferino: Villista, Bracero y Repatriado. Tijuana, B CFA [Mex.]: Centro de Investigaciones Historicas, UNAM-UABC, 1981.

Kirstein, Peter Neil. Anglo over Bracero: A History of the Mexican Worker in the United States from Roosevelt to Nixon. San Francisco: R and E Res. Assoc., 1977.

Kirstein, Peter Neil. “Agribusiness, Labor and the Wetbacks: Truman’s Commission on Migratory Labor.” Historian 1978 40(4): 650-667.

Kiser, George C. “Mexican American Labor before World War II.” Journal of Mexican American History 1972 2(2): 122-142.

Kiser, George Claude. "The Bracero Program: A Case Study of Its Development, Termination, and Political Aftermath." Dissertation, University of Massachusetts, 1974.

Kossoudji, Sherrie A. and Susan I. Ranney. “The Labor Market Experience of Female Migrants: The Case of Temporary Mexican Migration to the U.S.” IMR: International Migration Review, 18:4 (Winter 1984), 1120-1143.

Krichefsky, Gertrude D. 1956. "Importation of Alien Laborers." I and N Reporter, 5 (July). pp. 4-8. U.S. Dept. of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Washington, DC.

Larralde, Carlos. Mexican American Movements and Leaders. Los Alamitos, CA: Hwong Publishing Co., 1976.

Lessard, David. “Agrarianism and Nationalism: Mexico and the Bracero Program, 1942-1947.” Dissertation, Tulane University, 1984.

Levenstein, Harvey A. “Sindicalismo norteamericano, braceros y "Espaldas Mojadas". Historia Mexicana, 28:2 (Oct-Dec 1978), 153-184.

Lluberes Navarro, Antonio. “Iglesia y braceros haitianos: Documentos y comentarios.” Estudios Sociales (Dominican Republic), 19:64 (Apr-June 1986), 105-112.

London, Joan and Henry Anderson. So Shall Ye Reap: The Story of Cesar Chavez and the Farm Workers’ Movement. New York: Thomas Crowell, 1970.

Long, Larry. Migration and Residential Mobility in the United States. New York: Russel Sage Foundation, 1988.

López y Rivas, Gilberto. The Chicanos: Life and Struggles of the Mexican Minority in the United States. With Readings. New York: Monthly Review Press [1974, 1973].

Lubin, Simon J. Their Blood is Strong: A Factual Story of the Migratory Agricultural Workers in California. San Francisco: Simon J. Lubin Society of California, 1938.

Luibheid, E. Entry Denied: Controlling sexuality at the border. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2002.

Luna Millan and Jorge Adalberto. Braceros: [Tres reporteros y dos fotógrafos, Tras la verdad en el caso de los trabajadores indocumentados en Estados Unidos. Mexico, DF: La Prensa, 1979.

Maciel, David R and Maria Herrera-Sobek eds. Culture Across Borders: Mexican Immigration and Popular Culture. Tucson, Ariz: University of Arizona Press, 1998.

Marcelo M. Suárez-Orozco (ed.). Crossings: Mexican Immigration in Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies; distributed by Harvard University Press, 1998.

Martin, Philip L. “Foreign Direct Investment and Migration: The Case of Mexican Maquiladoras.” International Migration [Switzerland] 1992 30(3-4): 399-422.

Martin, Philip L. Harvest of Confusion: Migrant Workers in U.S. Agriculture. 1988.

Martinez, Daniel. “The Impact of the Bracero Program on a Southern Californian Mexican-American Community: A Field Study of Cucamonga, California.” M.A. Thesis the Claremont Graduate School, 1958.

Martinez, John. Mexican Immigration to the US., 1910-1930. San Francisco: R and E Research Associates, 1971.

Mason, John Dancer. “The Aftermath of the Bracero: A Study of the Economic Impact on the Agricultural Hired Labor Market of Michigan from the Termination of Public Law 78.” Dissertation, Michigan State University, 1969.

Massey, Douglas S. “Do Undocumented Migrants Earn Lower Wages Than Legal Immigrants: New Evidence from Mexico.” IMR: International Migration Review, 21:2 (Summer 1987), 236-274.

McBride, John G. Vanishing Bracero; Valley Revolution. San Antonio: Naylor, 1963.

McElroy, Robert C., and Earle E. Gavett. Termination of the Bracero Program: Some Effects on Farm Labor and Migrant Housing Needs. Report No. 77. Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC, 1965.

McGarvie, Mark. “A Comparative Case study of Immigrant Contract Labor on the Milwaukee Road.” Railroad History 1998 (179): 69-87.

McWilliams, Carey. North From Mexico: The Spanish Speaking People of the United States. New York: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1949.

McWilliams, Carey. Factories in the Field: The Story of Migratory Farm Labor in California. Santa Barabara: Peregrine Publishers, Inc, 1971.

Meier, Matt S. and Feliciano Rivera. The Chicanos: A History of Mexican Americans. New York: Hill & Wang, 1972.

Miller, Charlene. Los Golondrinos. Kroeber Anthropological Society Papers 1964 30: 51-71.

Mitchell, Don. The Lie of the Land: Migrant Workers and the California Landscape. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996.

Mize, Ronald Lee. The Invisible Workers: Articulation of Race and Class in the Life Histories of Braceros. Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison 2000.

Morrissey, Marietta. “Serving Farm Workers, Serving Farmers: Migrant Social Services in Northwest Ohio.” Aztlán, 24:2 (Fall 1999), 95-118.

Muller, Thomas. Immigrants and the American City. New York: New York University Press, 1993.

Nelson, Eugene. Bracero. Culver City: Peace Press Pub., 1975.

Piedad Melgoza, Jose. El Bracero. Monterrey, NL: Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo Leon, 2003.

Nevins, Joseph. Operation Gatekeeper: The Rise of the ‘Illegal Alien’ and the Making of the U.S. – Mexican Boundary. New York and London: Routledge, 2002.

Ngai, Mae. “The Strange Career of Illegal Alien: Immigration Restriction and Deportation Policy in the US, 1921-1965.” Law and History Review, Spring 2005.

Ngai, Mae. “The Architecture of Race in American Immigration Law: A Reexamination of the Immigration Act of 1924.” Journal of American History 86, June 1999.

Ngai, Mae. Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America, 1924-1965. Princeton University Press, 2004.

Olson, Judith and James Olson. Cuban Americans: From Trauma to Triumph. Twayne, 1995.

Office of Press Secretary. “Fair and Secure Immigration Reform”. http://www.whitehouse.gov. 7 January 2004.

Office of Press Secretary. “President Bush, President Fox Meet with Reporters in Mexico”. http://www.whitehouse.gov. 12 January 2004.

Ong, Paul, Bonacich, Edna, and Cheng, Lucie, eds. The New Asian Immigration in Los Angeles and Global Reconstructing. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994.

Othenberg, Daniel. With these Hands: The Hidden World of Migrant Farmworkers Today. New York: Harcourt Brace and Co., 1998.

Papademetriou, Demetrios G.; Martin, Philip L.; and Miller, Mark J. “U.S. Immigration Policy: The Guestworker Option Revisited.” International Migration [Netherlands] 1983 21(1): 39-55.

Piore, Michael J. Birds of Passage: Migrant Labor and Industrial Societies. University of Cambridge, 1979.

Pitti, Stephen. The Devil In Silicon Valley: Northern California, Race and Mexican Americans. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Portes Alejandro and Robert Bach. Latin Journey: Cuban and Mexican Immigrants in the United States. University of California Press, 1985.

Portes, Rambaut. Immigrant America: A Portrait. University of CA Press, 1997.

Rasmussen, Wayne D. A History of the Emergency Farm Labor Program, 1943-1947, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Bureau of Agricultural Economics. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1951.

Reichert, Josh and Douglas S. Massey. “Patterns of U.S. Migration from a Mexican Sending Community: A Comparison of Legal and Illegal Migrants.” IMR: International Migration Review, 13:4 (Winter 1979), 599-623.

Reimers, David. Unwelcome Strangers: American Identity and the Turn Against Immigration. New York: Columbia University Press, 1998.

Report of the President’s Commission of Migratory Labor, Migratory Labor in American Agriculture (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1951).

Roberts, Kenneth D. “China's ‘Tidal Wave’ of Migrant Labor: What Can We Learn from Mexican Undocumented Migration to the United States?” IMR: International Migration Review, 31:2 (Summer 1997), 249-293.

Rosales, Francisco A. (Francisco Arturo). Chicano!: The History of the Mexican American Civil Rights Movement. 2nd rev. ed. Houston, Tex.: Arte Público Press, 1997.

Rosenblum, Marc. “Moving Beyond the Policy of No Policy: Emigration from Mexico and Central America,” Latin American Politics and Society 46:4 (2004).

Ruiz, Vicki L. Cannery Women, Cannery Lives: Mexican Women, Unionization, and the California Food Processing Industry, 1930-1950. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1987.

Ruiz, Vicki L. ed. Las Obreras: Chicana Politics of Work and Family. Los Angeles: UCLA Chicano Studies Research Publications, 2000.

Ruiz, Vicki L. From Out of the Shadows: Mexican Women in Twentieth-Century America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Sachs, Aaron, "Civil Rights in the Field: Carey McWilliams as a Public-interest Historian and Social Ecologist" Pacific Historical Review, May, 2004.

Sánchez, George. Becoming Mexican American: Ethnicity, Culture, and Identity in Chicano Los Angeles, 1900-1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Sanchez, Rosaura, ed. Essays on La Mujer. Los Angeles: Chicano Studies Center, UCLA, 1977.

Schirteer, Martin E. “The Migrant Worker.” American Benedictine Review 1970 21(1): 56-78.

Schmidt, Fred H. After the Bracero; An Inquiry into the Problem of Farm Labor Recruitment, by Fred H. Schmidt. With the research assistance of Patricia McFeely. A report submitted to the Dept. of Employment of the State of California by the Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California, Los Angeles. Los Angeles, 1964.

Scruggs, Otey M. “Texas and the Bracero Program, 1942-1947.” Pacific Historical Review 1963 32(3): 251-264.

Scruggs, Otey M. Braceros,“Wetbacks,” and the Farm Labor Problem: Mexican Agricultural Labor in the United States,1942-1954. New York: Garland Publishing, 1988.

Servín, Manuel P. The Mexican-Americans: An Awakening Minority. Beverly Hills, Glencoe Press, 1970.

Simon, Rita J. and Margo De Ley. “The Work Experience of Undocumented Mexican Women Migrants in Los Angeles.” IMR: International Migration Review, 18:4 (Winter 1984), 1212-1229.

Slatta, Richard W. “Chicanos in the Pacific Northwest: An historical overview of Oregon’s Chicanos.” Aztlán 1975 6(3): 327-340.

Smith, Marian. W.E.B. “Overview of INS History.” U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. 20 Dec 2004 http://uscis.gov/graphics/aboutus/history/articles/oview.htm.

Stoddard, Ellwyn R. “A Conceptual Analysis of the ‘Alien Invasion’: Institutionalized Support of Illegal Mexican Aliens in the U.S.” International Migration Review 1976 10(2):157 -189.

Street, Richard Steven. Beasts of the Field: A Narrative History of California Farmworkers, 1769-1913. Stanford University Press.

Street, Richard Steven. Foreword by Kevin Starr. Photographing Farmworkers in California. Stanford University Press, 2004.

Takaki, Ronald. A Different Mirror: A History of Multicultural America. Boston: Little Brown, 1993.

Takaki, Ronald. Iron Cages: Race and Culture in 19th Century America. New York: Knopf, 1979.

Takaki, Ronald. Strangers From a Different Shore: A history of Asian Americans. New York: Penguin Books, 1989.

“Temporary Workers.” U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.20 Dec 2004. http://uscis.gov/graphics/services/tempbenefits/TempWorker.htm.

Usdansky, Margaret and Thomas Espenshade. “The H-1B Visa Debate in Historical Perspective: The Evolution of U.S. Policy Toward Foreign-Born Workers.” The Center for Comparative Immigration Studies. Working Paper NO. 11 (May, 2000), University of California San Diego.

Valdes, Dennis Nodin. “Legal Status and the Struggles of Farm Workers in West Texas and New Mexico, 1942-1993.” Latin American Perspectives 1995 22(1): 117-137.

Valdes, Dennis Nodin. Al Norte: Agricultural Workers in the Great Lakes Region, 1917 – 1970. University of Texas Press, Austin, 1991.

Valdes, Dennis. “Legal Status and the Struggles of Farmworkers in West Texas and New Mexico, 1942-1993.” Latin American Perspectives, Vol. 22, No. 1, Labor and the Free Market in the Americas (Winter, 1995), 117-137.

Vargas y Campos, Gloria R. El problema del bracero Mexicano. México, 1964.

Vargas, Miguel Angel. “Comunicación epistolar entre trabajadores migrantes y sus familias.” Aztlán, 25:2 (Fall 2000), 51-66.

Vargas, Z. Citizens, Immigrants, and Foreign Wage Workers: The Chicano Labor Refrain in U.S. Labor Historiography, 1997.

Vargas, Zaragosa. “In the Years of Darkness and Torment: the Early Mexican American Struggle for Civil Rights, 1945-1963.” New Mexico Historical Review 2001 76(4): 382-413.

Vargas, Zaragosa. Labor Rights are Civil Rights: Mexican American Workers in 20th Century America. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 2005.

Verdugo, Naomi. “The Bracero Program: A History of Foreign Contract Labor in California.” Agenda, 11:4 (1981), 9-13.

Verduzco Igartúa, Gustavo Félix. “La migración mexicana a Estados Unidos: Recuento de un proceso histórico.” Estudios Sociológicos, 13:39 (Sept-Dec 1995), 573-594.

Waldinger, Robert and Mehdi Bozorgmehr. Ethnic Los Angeles. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, 1996.

Wells, Merle. “Twentieth-century Migrant Farm Labor.” Journal of the West 1986 25(2): 65-72.

Wise, Donald Eugene. Bracero Labor and the California Farm Labor Economy: A Micro Study of Three Crops, 1952 Through 1967. United States Department of Labor, 1970.

Yzaguirre, Raul “La Raza President: Bush Immigration Proposal ‘Falls Far Short’” http://www.cnn.com. 7 January 2004.

Zatz, Marjorie S. “Using and Abusing Mexican Farm-workers: The Bracero Program and the INS.” Law & Society Review 1993 27(4): 851-863.

Zea Prado, Irene. “Los braceros: Un problema humano.” Relaciones Internacionales (Mexico), 2:6 (July-Sept 1974), 79-91.